Cognition - Cognition is a broad term that encompasses memory, problem-solving, attention, sequencing and organization as well as financial and medication management. These skills are necessary for daily functioning and independence.
Language - Language encompasses both the ability to express yourself as well as the ability to understand others. This can be done through written or verbal expression and/or auditory or reading comprehension.
Speech - Speech encompasses the ability to correctly articulate various sounds and words involving voicing, resonation, rhythm and articulation or sound production. Speech disorders can include the following: dysarthria, apraxia, phonological disorders and misarticulation.
Stuttering - Stuttering, also called dysfluency, is characterized by a disturbance in the flow of speech. Some examples include repetitions and/or prolongations of sounds or words as well as struggle and tension.
Voice or Resonance - Voice is characterized by a change in vocal quality. This may include loudness, pitch, resonance and production. Our therapists have specialized training in the Lee Silverman Voice Training program (LSVT) as well as evaluating the voice through Videostroboscopy (an exam to visualize the vocal folds while producing sounds).
Dysphagia/Swallowing - Dysphagia is difficulty swallowing, which can include coughing or choking when eating or drinking or even the feeling of something “stuck” in your throat.
Feeding - Feeding difficulty is described as struggling with various textures, temperatures and flavors, which is often seen in infants and children. Sometimes these children are described as ‘picky eaters’.
Tracheotomy - Tracheotomy is a small opening surgically made in the neck where a small tube is placed to help with breathing difficulty. We are able to place speaking valves at the end of the tube to allow for communication ability.
Laryngectomy - Laryngectomy is the surgical removal of the larynx, or voice box. Therapy may include using electrolarynx, esophageal speech, with or without transesophageal puncture (prosthesis that joins the trachea and esophagus to allow air from the lungs into the esophagus for speech).
Tongue Thrust - Tongue thrust occurs when the tongue pushes against the upper teeth when swallowing, causing dental issues and possible speech issues. A dentist often refers for this disorder.
Pragmatics/Social Skills - Pragmatics is defined as difficulty with social situations, which can include poor eye contact and inappropriate behaviors with others as well as lack of participation during activities.
Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC) - AAC is a secondary form of communication that involves using books and/or electronic devices to assist with communication.